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Lesson 5: Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs do not follow the spelling pattern of regular verbs. Reminder; we add "ed" or "d" to regular verbs to show that an action began and ended in the past. Irregular verbs do not end in "ed" or "d" but have a different spelling then the root word. It is best to memorize the spelling of irregular verbs. To help develop your irregular verb vocabulary read a large variety of material.

Spelling Irregular Verbs: Examples of Common Irregular Verbs

  Present Past
Verb Singular Plural Singular Plural
To be I am We are I was We were
You are You are You were You were
He, she, it is They are He, she, it was
To have I have We have I had We had
You have You have You had You had
He, she, it has They have He, she, it, had They had
To do I do We do I did We did
You do You do You did You did
He, she, it does They do He, she, it, did They did

Irregular Verbs Worksheets


Irregular verbs usually change spelling in the past tense.

Root Word Past Tense
come came
think thought
make made
give gave
do did
get got
leave left
speak spoke
read read
have had
go went
keep kept
hurt hurt
know knew
lay laid
leave left

Although, for many irregular verbs, the spelling does not change.

Present Tense ~ Root Verb Past Tense ~ Root Verb
beat beat
bet bet
burst burst
cast cast
cost cost
cut cut
hit hit
hurt hurt
let let
put put
quit quit
read read
set set
shed shed
shut shut
split split
spread spread

Writing Tip: Walk away from your writing. Take a break from your work. Come back refreshed ready to proofread your writing and you will come back with a new prospective.


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